How To Become a Teacher in Maryland


To become a teacher in Maryland, you must meet certain requirements, particularly in regard to your schooling and education. The information presented below is meant to be a guide for you to determine the necessary steps to take in order to attain your teaching license and become a teacher. First, take a look at the areas of certification and list of endorsement areas. Determine the education and testing required for each area. If you do not meet these requirements, consider taking some online classes to help you fulfill them. Or you may wish to consider an alternative pathway to teacher certification. If you already have a teaching license from another state, many states, including Maryland, will offer teacher certification through reciprocity. Check with each state's reciprocity rules for more information.

Maryland Teacher Certification Roadmap

Areas of Teacher Certification

Maryland offers the following types of certifications:

  • Professional Eligibility Certificate (PEC) - valid for 5 years
  • Standard Professional Certificate I (SPC I) - valid for 5 years
  • Standard Professional Certificate II (SPC II) - valid for 5 years
  • Advanced Professional Certificate (APC) - valid for 5 years
  • Resident Teacher Certificate (RTC) - valid for 2 years
  • Conditional Certificate (COND) - valid for 2 years

Maryland issues certificates in the following areas of endorsement:

  • Early Childhood Education (PreK-3)
  • Elementary Education, grades 1-6
  • Middle School Areas: (4-9)
    • English Language Arts
    • Mathematics
    • Science
    • Social Studies
  • Secondary Academic Areas: (7-12)
    • Agriculture/Agribusiness and Renewable Natural Resources
    • Biology
    • Business Education
    • Chemistry
    • Computer Science
    • Data Processing
    • Earth/Space Science
    • English
    • Family and Consumer Sciences
    • Family and Consumer Sciences/Career Technology Education
    • Foreign Language: Classical
    • Foreign Language: Modern
    • Geography
    • Health Occupations Education
    • History
    • Marketing Education - Teacher-Coordinator
    • Mathematics
    • Physical Science
    • Physics
    • Social Studies
    • Speech Communication
    • Technology Education
    • Theater
    • Trades and Industry
    • Work-Based Learning Coordinator
  • Special Education
    • Infant/primary (birth - grade 3)
    • Elementary/middle (grades 1-8)
    • Secondary/adult (grades 6-12)
    • Hearing Impaired
    • Severely and Profoundly Disabled
    • Visually Impaired
  • Specialty Areas (PreK-12)
    • American Sign Language
    • Art
    • Dance
    • English for Speakers of Other Languages
    • Environmental Education
    • Health
    • Music
    • Physical Education

Maryland Teaching Certificate Requirements

  • A bachelor's degree
  • Completed teacher preparation program
  • Passing score on the Praxis I and II assessments
  • Fingerprinting and background check
  • Completed application

In addition, to qualify for an advanced teaching certificate, you must meet additional requirements. The Standard Professional Certificate II (SPC II) requires verification of 3 years of satisfactory professional experience, 6 semester hours of acceptable credit and a professional development plan for the Advanced Professional Certificate (APC). And the Advanced Professional Certificate (APC) requires verification of 3 years of full-time professional school-related experience, 6 semester hours of acceptable credit and a master's degree, or a minimum of 36 semester hours of post-baccalaureate course work which must include at least 21 semester hours of graduate credit.

Education Requirements

In order to become a teacher in Maryland, you must possess a minimum of a bachelor's degree. If you do not meet this requirement, here are some of the top online education degree programs to help you meet the requirements of becoming a teacher.


If you wish to apply for an initial teacher certification, you must take and pass the Maryland Praxis Series Assessments. These include the Praxis I Academic Skills Assessments, as well as the Praxis II tests for appropriate content and pedagogy assessments for endorsement areas. If you wish to teach a foreign language, you must take and pass the American Council on Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) tests.


Background checks and fingerprinting are conducted at the school level in Maryland. So while it is not part of your application process to become a teacher, it will still be required when you submit an application to teach at one of Maryland's school districts.

Certification Reciprocity

Maryland offers teacher reciprocity for anyone holding a valid teacher license from another state. In order to qualify for a reciprocal license, you must hold a current professional teaching certificate from another state and have completed an out-of-state approved teacher preparation program. Reciprocity is considered on a case-by-case basis, so you must submit your application for consideration.

Maryland Alternative Teacher Certification

Maryland Approved Alternative Preparation Programs allow you to begin teaching while completing the necessary requirements to gain licensure to teach in Maryland.

In addition, programs like the Prince George's County Public Schools Resident Teacher Program was designed to recruit and train talented individuals who have no previous teaching experience or educational coursework and assist them in transitioning to a career in teaching. Other programs like this include the Baltimore Teach for America program and the Maryland Troops to Teachers. Both offer alternative pathways to become a teacher in Maryland.

Become a Substitute Teacher in Maryland

If you have a college degree but don't qualify for a teaching certificate, you may consider becoming a substitute teacher in Maryland. You may substitute teach while you attain your teaching credentials through an accredited online program.

Teacher Jobs In Maryland

Many school districts in Maryland offer teacher job listings on their website. For example, here are Baltimore County Public School jobs and Montgomery County Public School jobs. The easiest way to find a teaching job is to contact the school district where you'd like to teach and inquire directly about employment opportunities. The Maryland State Department of Education offers a list of Maryland school districts with direct links to all 24 Maryland Local Education Agencies' websites.

Maryland Teacher Salaries

According to the Montgomery Public Schools of Maryland, a first-year teacher in Maryland with no experience makes $46,400. This teacher salary will increase with continued education and years of teaching experience. For example, a teacher with a master’s degree in education and 10 years of experience makes $70,300, and after 19 years and 60 credits beyond a master’s degree, that teacher will earn $103,600. Your teacher salary will vary by school district, so be sure to consult with the school district where you plan to teach to get accurate teacher salary information.

Resources for Teacher Certification in Maryland

Maryland State Department of Education Certification Branch
200 W. Baltimore Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
(410) 767-0412

Discover how to become a teacher in another state, or click on one of these neighboring states below.